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KINGDOM OF GOD vs KINGDOM OF HEAVEN

The Kingdom of God and Kingdom of Heaven are they one in the same thing or two different kingdoms?   Biblical Author, Matthew, is the only apostle to use the phrase KOH.  Why is that?  Why is it that all apostles use KOG, including Matthew?  What makes these two phrases unique? 

This phrase “Kingdom of Heaven”, further known as “KOH” is used by Matthew only 32 times.  I’m not going to exegete all 32 verses but I will show were they are alike with the “Kingdom of God” known further as “KOG”.

Will an examination of Synoptic parallels will demonstrate that the two phrases refer to the same idea?

  • “the kingdom of Heaven is at hand” (Matt. 4:17) || “the kingdom of God is at hand” (Mark 1:15)
  • “Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of Heaven” (Matt. 5:3) || “Blessed are the poor, for yours is the kingdom of God” (Luke 6:20)
  • “Among those born of women there has not risen a greater than John the Baptist, notwithstanding he who is least in the kingdom of Heaven is greater than him.” (Matt. 11:11) || “Among those born of women there is not a greater prophet than John the Baptist, but he who is least in the kingdom of God is greater than him.” (Luke 7:28)
  • “the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven” (Matt. 13:11) || “the mysteries of the kingdom of God” (Mark 4:11 cp. Luke 8:10)
  • “the kingdom of Heaven is like a grain of mustard seed” (Matt 13:31) || “the kingdom of God…is like a grain of mustard seed” (Mark 4:30-31 cp. Luke 13:18-19)
  • “The kingdom of Heaven is like leaven” (Matt. 13:33) || “the kingdom of God…is like leaven” (Luke 13:20)
  • “Except you be converted, and become as little children, you shall not enter into the kingdom of Heaven” (Matt. 18:3-4) || “Whosoever shall not receive the kingdom of God as a little child, he shall not enter therein” (Mark 10:15)
  • “Allow little children, and do not forbid them to come to me, for of such is the kingdom of Heaven.” (Matt. 19:14) || “Allow the little children to come to me, and do not forbid them, for of such is the kingdom of God.” (Mark 10:14 cp. Luke 18:16)
  • “a rich man shall hardly enter into the kingdom of Heaven” (Matt. 19:23) || “How hardly shall they who have riches enter into the kingdom of God!” (Luke 18:24).                                                                                                               2018 Bible.org

 There are two verses in Matthew I would like to discuss Matthew 19:23, 24.  

23, Then said Jesus unto his disciples, Verily I say unto you, That a rich man shall hardly enter into the kingdom of heaven.

24,  And again I say unto you, It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God.

Moody dissertation on KOG vs KOH.    Question: “What is the difference between the Kingdom of God and the Kingdom of Heaven?”

Answer: While some believe that the Kingdom of God and Kingdom of Heaven are referring to different things, it is clear that both phrases are referring to the same thing.   (IT is not clear clear that both phrases are referring to the same thing, although, Moody says they are and even though, the following phrases contain NO facts.) (EMPHASIS MINE)        The phrase “kingdom of God” occurs 68 times in 10 different New Testament books, while “kingdom of heaven” occurs only 32 times, and only in the Gospel of Matthew. Based on Matthew’s exclusive use of the phrase and the Jewish nature of his Gospel, some interpreters have concluded that Matthew was writing concerning the millennial kingdom while the other New Testament authors were referring to the universal kingdom. However, a closer study of the use of the phrase reveals that this interpretation is in error.  (2 Tim 2:15,   A Rightly dividing of the word of truth, over these verses will reveal that the KOG and KOH are very different.)(EMPHASIS MINE).

For example, speaking to the rich young ruler, Christ uses “kingdom of heaven” and “kingdom of God” interchangeably. (Matthew 19:23) Then Jesus said to his disciples, ‘I tell you the truth, it is hard for a rich man to enter the kingdom of heaven’” . In the very next verse, (Matthew 19:24) proclaims, “Again I tell you, it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God”.    Jesus makes no distinction between the two terms but seems to consider them synonymous.    (2 Tim 2:15,   A Rightly dividing of the word of truth, over these verses will reveal that the KOG and KOH are very different.)(EMPHASIS MINE)

Mark and Luke used “kingdom of God” where Matthew used “kingdom of heaven” frequently in parallel accounts of the same parable Compare Matthew 11:11-12 with Luke 7:28; Matthew 13:11with Mark 4:11 and Luke 8:10; Matthew 13:24 with Mark 4:26; Matthew 13:31 with Mark 4:30 and Luke 13:18; Matthew 13:33 with Luke 13:20; Matthew 18:3 with Mark 10:14 and Luke 18:16; and Matthew 22:2 with Luke 13:29. In each instance, Matthew used the phrase “kingdom of heaven” while Mark and/or Luke used “kingdom of God.” Clearly, the two phrases refer to the same thing.   (IT is not clearly that both phrases are referring to the same thing, although, Moody says they are.) (EMPHASIS MINE)

It is easy to say that because one biblical writer said similar things in a few comparative verses only, or clearly, means they are the same.  However, just the opposite is the truth, they are similar in those few places, but very different and speak of 2 very different Kingdoms.  They are different for these reasons:

1A,  Definition of the word “Kingdom”

Here is where some light will shine forth with the definition “Kingdom”.   Kingdom, basileia, and βασιλεία, (Greek Word), means reign of a realm, a kingdom reign .  Jesus would be the king that rules both kingdoms.  While both kingdoms are similar at times it is because each kingdom is ruled by Jesus.  Thus, answering the phrase “the Kingdom of God/Heaven is at hand “.   Each biblical author could say that when they wrote was because Jesus was there when they wrote about the situation.  

1B,  The word “heaven” has a variety of uses as well and is defined as;

noun. 1 a place regarded in various religions as the abode of God (or the gods) and the angels, and of the good after death, often traditionally depicted as being above the sky. God (or the gods): Constantine was persuaded that disunity in the Church was displeasing to heaven. Theology a state of being eternally in the presence of God after death. used in various exclamations as a substitute for “God”: heaven knows! | good heavens! 2 (often heavens) literary the sky, especially perceived as a vault in which the sun, moon, stars, and planets are situated: Galileo used a telescope to observe the heavens. 3 informal a place, state, or experience of supreme bliss: lying by the pool with a good book is my idea of heaven.

According to any good real-estate agent the best place to live is determined by 3  things, Location, Location, and Location, therefore, in which location do you find the KOG and the KOH?   Each has a different location for they were both Created at different times!

1C,  The Kingdom of God existed before the Kingdom of Heaven, Job 38:3-7,

 God questioning Job,   “Gird up now thy loins like a man; for I will demand of thee, and answer thou me.    Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth? declare, if thou hast understanding.  Who hath laid the measures thereof, if thou knowest?  or who hath stretched the line upon it?  Whereupon are the foundations thereof fastened?   or who laid the corner stone thereof; When the morning stars sang together,  and all the sons of God shouted for joy?”

These sons of God noted in the passage are spiritual beings, (JOB 1:6, 2:1) angels, watching the Lord create the Heavens and the Earth.  Emphasis being that God already had a kingdom that he was in control of called (Kingdom of God), while in the process of creating another Realm (The Kingdom of Heaven), that is entirely Physical in nature, contingent on space, time, and dimensional aspects. Although, no matter how similar they are or may appear, they are in no way, shape, or form, the same.  For the KOG is Spiritual and the KOH is Physical! (Emphasis Mine).  The subjects of each kingdom are different!  Subjects of the KOH cannot enter the KOG upon their own volition!   They are physical, I Cor. 15:50, “Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither doth corruption inherit incorruption”,  The subjects of the KOG upon its creation were all direct creations of God, all Spiritual.  The same was true for the KOH, for Adam was a direct creation of God, however, physical, Genesis 1:26-27, in that he was called “son of God”, Luke 3:38.  Satan was member of this KOG as the anointed Cherub that covereth the throne,       Ezekiel 28:14, Thou art the anointed cherub that covereth; and I have set thee so: thou wast upon the holy mountain of God; thou hast walked up and down in the midst of the stones of fire.”  God created hosts and hosts and thousands of thousands of angels, for there was no procreation among angels, Matthew 26:53,  Thinkest thou that I cannot now pray to my Father, and he shall presently give me more than twelve legions of angels?  

Adam and Eve were Direct creations of God and yet were both made of the dust of the ground, (Physical).  Every one else were born physical, of flesh and blood and cannot inherit the KOG, but must be born again John 3:5-7, ” Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. Marvel not that I said unto thee, Ye must be born again.”

Therefore the KOG is a spiritual kingdom and the KOH is a physical kingdom made at two specific different times and are as different as night and day.  They are different in where, when, and who, they were made, and who they were made for.   Who the subjects that lived in each are very different in substance, form, and purpose!

These parallel verses while looking like the phrases are used interchangeable, they are showing they  both have problems with the rich      Matthew 19:23,  Then said Jesus unto his disciples, Verily I say unto you, that a rich man shall hardly enter into the kingdom of heaven.     Matthew 19:24, again I say unto you, It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God.

The problem with the rich is that they have no need for God.  They are increased with goods and have need of nothing.  That attitude with the church of Laodicean, Rev 3:17, “ Because thou sayest, I am rich, and increased with goods, and have need of nothing; and knowest not that thou art wretched, and miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked”, shows the problem with someone who has no need of God in any realm or kingdom they dwell in.  These verses are only interchangeable in relation to the rich who think they do not need God, but does not mean the two kingdoms are the same.

The facts that each kingdom were, 1. constructed at different times, (KOG existed before KOH), 2.  in different ways, (KOG Spiritual Realm, KOH Physical Realm and 3.  having different types of beings to live in each of them, (KOG Angels, KOH Humans), shows that they are not the same on so many different levels, it is foolish to think they are the same, no matter how many verses show their similarities or who say they are the same.

 

THE FEASTS OF THE LORD, PART 2

THE SPRING FEASTS,  fullsizeoutput_20c

Here are the Original Spring Feasts Dates.

Feast of Passover,                   14 Nisan, 3790, or Wednesday, April 3, 30AD,                                  Feast of Unleavened Bread, 15-21 Nisan, 3790, or Thursday, Wednesday, 4-10, 30AD.                  Feast of Firstfruits,                 18 Nisan, 3790, or Sunday, April 7, 30AD,                            Pentecost,                                   8 Sivan, 3790, or Sunday,  May 26, 30 AD

an overview of the Feasts of the Lord, we will be looking at them according to date on the Hebrew and Gregorian calendars, which can be a little confusing at times.

Passover on the Hebrew calendar is always on 14 Nisan no matter what day of the week it falls on in the Gregorian we pagans use today.

Unleavened Bread follows Passover on the calendar, therefore, the dates are 15-21 Nisan, lasting one week.

Firstfruits, according to the Scriptures, it will be on a Sunday, the first day of the week!     Matt. 28:1,  “In the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulcher”. 

These first three feasts speak of Jesus’ death, burial, and resurrection.  Jesus’ death, for the Israelites, as the slain lamb, whose blood was placed on the door post as the angel of death passover the Israelites to spare the first born son of each home, Exodus 12.  The Unleavened Bread was to be eaten with the lamb and bitter herbs.    This bread speaks of the sinlessness of the savior and the casting out of sin from a person’s life.  For we know a little leaven leaveneth the whole lump, Gal. 5:9.  The Feast of Firstfruits speak of the Resurrection of Christ from the grave, gaining victory over Death, Hell, and Satan.   

The timing of these events comes into question here, especially with Passover and Firstfruits.  Firstfruits need be on Sunday, as noted above and Jesus was 3 days and nights in the grave, Matt. 12:40,   “For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale’s belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth”.   This means that this Passover was on a Wednesday not on Friday in a particular year in the life of Christ.  You cannot get 3 full days and nights with a Friday Death, Burial, and resurrection.   The Resurrection when Christ rose from the dead was on the sunset at the end of the weekly Saturday Sabbath, 6:01pm Saturday, the Hebrew first day of the week, Sunday, Matt. 28:1.  

Passover Nisan 14, 3790,   April 3, 30 AD is a Wednesday,  meaning Nisan 15, 30 AD is a High Sabbath Day, and the first day of the feast of Unleavened Bread.  Also meaning, within a two week time line there will be four Sabbath Days, two regular and two high sabbath days.  Firstfruits would be 18 Nisan, 3790,  or Sunday,  April 7, 30 AD.

Pentecost was 50 days following the Feast of Firstfruits, 7 Sabbaths and one day.  The resurrection of Christ Jesus was a Sunday, therefore, the Feast of Shavuot, of weeks, of harvest, or Pentecost is a Sunday, (8 Sivan, 3790, May 26, 30 AD), Ex.23:14-17, Lev 23, Duet. 16:16.  The correct annual date for Pentecost is not connected to the date of Easter, and Pentecost did not originate with the beginnings of Christianity.   The Greek word πεντηκοστή in the Septuagint translation of the Old Testament in reference to the Hebrew’s Feast of Shavuot, which is celebrated every year in very late spring.

It should be noted that Jesus fulfilled each of these feasts, not only observing them each year he lived, but actually became them with His Death, Burial, and Resurrection and through the Spirit, Pentecost.  It is also amazing that the Jews missed these events since they were all mentioned in the Old Testament hundreds of years before they happened and these feasts they practiced and rehearsed every year!

fall-feasts-of-the-lord

Months-images

The Feast of Trumpets falls on the first of Tishri, the 7th month of the Hebrew sacred calendar and first on the civic calendar.  Israel, has two calendars because they reflect both the Lunar and solar calendars.  Wikilinks said The Hebrew calendar, “is a lunisolar calendar used today predominantly for Jewish religious observances. It determines the dates for Jewish holidays and the appropriate public reading of Torah portions, yahrzeits (dates to commemorate the death of a relative), and daily Psalm readings, among many ceremonial uses. In Israel, it is used for religious purposes, provides a time frame for agriculture and is an official calendar for civil purposes, although the latter usage has been steadily declining in favor of the Gregorian calendar.”

The Feasts of Trumpets, Leviticus 23:23-25,  is the only feast that is based on the sighting of the new moon while all the others are based on the full moon.  Since it is based on the new moon sighting it is interesting to note that there is no one certain day it can called, because it took two priests to make a physical sighting of when the new moon was and that info had to be passed on to the High Priests.  This Day is also known as one long day.  This Day is also associated the wedding feast of the bridegroom coming for his bride.     It is started with a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, and an holy convocation.  It is also called Rosh Hashanah, which means “Head of the Year,” because it marks the beginning of the Jewish civil calendar.  The Hebrew word תרועה Yom Teruah, has this definition, which means “a shout” or “a blowing.” It appears that the shofar (ram’s horn) was to be blown at this time, as it was on the other new moons (Psalm 81:3). Jewish tradition indicates that both the ram’s horn and the priestly silver horns (hazozerah) were used in the Feast of Trumpets.  The Feast of Trumpets was a blowing of trumpets to announce to God’s people of a time of judgement and Christ’s coming, ” (Joel 2:1; see also Zephaniah 1:14,16).  Now while these three feasts all are in the same month of Tishri the timing or fullment of their events may happen in different years.  Daniel’s prophecy in Dan 9, 24-27, noting the time of Jacobs trouble, Jeremiah 30, that there may be years between the three fall Feasts, even though they celebrated every year at the same time each year.  There are 7 years between Christ’s actual coming and a time of judgement by the anti-christ, Time of Jacob’s Trouble, Jer. 30, Dan 9:24-27.

The Feast of Atonement is kept on 10 Tishri for 5 days, and known as Yom Kippur.  Leviticus 16:1-34 brings out all the rituals involved, in how the priests are to react and how the Children of Israel are to repent before the Lord returns. Jews today still celebrate the annual Day of Atonement, traditionally observing this holy day with a 25-hour period of fasting and intensive prayer, often spending most of the day in synagogue services. This Feast falls on different days each year in the Gregorian calendar in September-October, like all the rest of the feasts.  The first Yom Kippur was instituted the day after the the Israelites worshipped the golden calf, and Moses told them they had sinned a great sin, Ex 32:30-33 and Ex 34:39-30 When Moses came down claiming God had forgiven them.  

The Feast of Tabernacles is celebrated on 15 Tishri by the Israelites.  On our modern Gregorian calendar, which did NOT exist at the time of Christ Jesus’ birth, He would have been born on Saturday, 30 September, 4BC, according to the Hebcal Converter, and not December 25th, as the Catholics set forth.   The Feast of Tabernacles.  15 Tishri,  3761 (Hebrew year must be in the common era (3761 and above)  on the Hebrew’s calendar,  would be the day Jesus was born and is associated when He comes again 15 Tishri in an up coming year, marks when Jesus will come again to establish His kingdom here on earth as the King of Kings, Rev. 19.  This comes from believing the verse that says Jesus is Emanuel, God With Us, Matthew 1:23, “Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us”.  He was with us at his birth and will be again at his second coming and that time is celebrated by the Israelites each year on  15 Tishri, the Feast of Tabernacles, or Feast of Booths.   

Leviticus 23:39-43,   Also in the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when ye have gathered in the fruit of the land, ye shall keep a feast unto the Lord seven days: on the first day shall be a sabbath, and on the eighth day shall be a sabbath. And ye shall take you on the first day the boughs of goodly trees, branches of palm trees, and the boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook; and ye shall rejoice before the Lord your God seven days. And ye shall keep it a feast unto the Lord seven days in the year. It shall be a statute for ever in your generations: ye shall celebrate it in the seventh month. Ye shall dwell in booths seven days; all that are Israelites born shall dwell in booths: That your generations may know that I made the children of Israel to dwell in booths, when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the Lord your God.Sukkot-56a1485c3df78cf772692870

tabernacle-shekinah

Artist conception of the time                                  Modern day view

This has been a short overview of the Feasts of the Lord and designed to get you started on a study of of your own.

 

FEASTS OF THE LORD, PART 1, Updated

Psalms 119:8 “Open thou mine eyes, that I may behold wondrous things out of thy law.

One of those wondrous things to behold are the Feasts of the Lord given to the Nation of Israel in Leviticus 23.  The 7 feasts are Prophetic in nature and lay out the first and second comings of Christ and all that is in between pertaining to Israel and not to the church.  The timing of these 7 feasts are based on the lunar calendar.  Each of the feasts is a reminder of events in the Nation of Israel’s history and layout a prophetic timeline for Jesus, the Messiah.  

God in his creation of our world established our events according to his time table, that is his calendar.  Genesis 1:14.  “And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years“.  (Just so you know, “the firmament”,  is called “the expanse” in other versions, is in fact “the universe” and an interesting topic for another blog)   God gave us in his creation all the makings for a calendar, sun, moon, stars, light, darkness, in order to establish signs, seasons, days, and years.   The rotation or orbit of the moon around the earth and the earth orbit around the sun provide for seasons, days, and years.  The reasons we have 24 hour days, 29-30 day months (Hebrew calendar) and 30-31 day months + a leap year (Gregorian calendar). 

Accordingly, the basic Hebrew calendar year is one of twelve lunar months alternating between 29 and 30 days: No. In leap years (such as 5774) an additional month, Adar I (30 days) is added after Shevat, while the regular Adar is referred to as “Adar II.”

Hebrew_Calander_Seasons

This chart shows the difference between the Hebrew and Gregorian Calendars.  The chart breaks months into seasons by color, also giving the days each month has  according to the Hebrew month, and listing the Jewish holidays in each month.  This will be discussed in further detail later.

The Hebrew calendar is different from the Gregorian calendar, established by Pope Gregory.  The following Google search reveals this information: Gregorian calendar is internationally the most widely used civil calendar. It is named after Pope Gregory XIII, who introduced it in October 1582. It was a refinement to the Julian calendar involving an approximately 0.002% correction in the length of the calendar year.  Calendars, are another story for another blog.

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The cover photo gives the names of 7 major feasts, found in Leviticus 23, that are divided into Spring and Fall feasts. The 4 Spring feasts are listed in different months while the 3 Fall feasts are all listed in the 7th month, Tishri, (Hebrew) or September – October, (Gregorian).  

However, Leviticus 23 has 8 feasts listed, the very first one, The Sabbath, (discussed sooner than latter).   The Hebrew definitions, according to Strong’s dictionary, for the words signs, seasons, days, and years are more of those “wondrous things”  God give us to behold.  When we think of the seasons, we would think of our 4 seasons, winter, spring, summer, and fall.  We would, however, be wrong in doing so.

Genesis 1:14.  “And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years

Leviticus 23:2, “Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, Concerning the feasts of the Lord, which ye shall proclaim to be holy convocations, even these are my feasts.”

Leviticus 23:4  “These are the feasts of the Lord, even holy convocations, which ye shall proclaim in their seasons.”

These feasts are the Lord’s and were woven into the very fabric of Israel’s history.  The Bible demonstrates their significance by explaining their message and God having the Israelites celebrate them every year.     The words translated Feasts and Seasons in these 3 verses are actually the same Hebrew word “moed”.  This word can also be translated appointed, assembly, time, congregation.   Strong”s Dictionary says, “an appointment, i.e. a fixed time or season; specifically, a festival; conventionally a year; by implication, an assembly (as convened for a definite purpose); technically the congregation; by extension, the place of meeting; also a signal (as appointed beforehand): — appointed (sign, time), (place of, solemn) assembly, congregation, (set, solemn) feast, (appointed, due) season, solemn(-ity), synogogue, (set) time (appointed).”   Therefore, These feasts are “divine appointments” set up as “dress rehearsals” at the specific dates established on the Hebrew calendar.

The first feast mentioned in Leviticus 23 is the “Sabbath Feast”, but not recognized by bible scholars, as part of the 7 feasts, Leviticus 23:3  “Six days shall work be done: but the seventh day is the sabbath of rest, an holy convocation; ye shall do no work therein: it is the sabbath of the Lord in all your dwellings.”  However, the Sabbath is often part of the 7 feasts because it happens every Friday night at 6:00 PM to Saturday night at 6:00 PM,   I said, “sooner than latter.”

keeping-the-sabbath-holy-banner       The Sabbath is a special event to be  happening as noted above and is discussed beginning in Genesis 2: 2-3, “And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.”  However the word “sabbath”  is translated 108 times and is first used in Exodus 16:23 and not here.   Questions;  When was the Sabbath set up to be followed or kept Genesis 2 or Exodus 20?  Who first kept the sabbath, Adam and Eve or Nation of Israel?  Well before getting into a plethora of questions.   Let us try to understand what the Bible says about the sabbath!    

What does the Bible say about Keeping the Sabbath?

Keeping the Sabbath is a covenant arrangement with the nation of Israel given in the 10 Commandments, Exodus 20:8-11,   “Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: But the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: For in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.”   While, the word “sabbath” was not used, but the description and definition is used in Genesis 2: 1-3.   Adam and Eve may have very well know of God’s sabbath day rest.   Genesis 2: 1-3,  “Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them. And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made. And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made”.    

It may be  inconsistent to think that God would sanctify the seventh day without Adam and Eve not being aware of it and God not instructing Adam and Eve how to observe  the day and why.   It may be  inconsistent to think that way, however, it can argued that from Adam to Moses that no one kept the sabbath day rest observance.  The silence of scripture is somewhat deafening in Genesis in how none of the patriarchs are told about the sabbath or how to observe the day.  However, the fact remains that the patriarchs were told some things about their relationship with the great Almighty.  Cain and Abel’s acts of worship,  God’s conversations with Noah, Abraham, and/or Lot, we are not privy to all of their conversations.   Therefore, we have no idea what they were told about observing the sabbath.

The deafening silence of scripture isn’t so deafening when considering the verbiage of Genesis 2: 2-3, Exodus 16:23-29, and Exodus 20:11.   In Genesis 2:2 the declaration of the sabbath, without use of the word, “sabbath”, could be seen as an evidence that Adam knew of the practice.

In Exodus 16:23-29, the word sabbath is used 4 times in these 7 verses.   In these verses the nation of Israel is instructed, on the to do’s and don’t dos, because of what the greatness of the day.  The nation of Israel knew full well what the sabbath was all about, the feeding of the nation with manna since he pulled them from the  bondage in Egypt.

In Exodus 20:11, This the formal giving of the Law of Moses.  The key point here is the word “remember”, the very first word used in the giving of this commandment. Why would God be telling his people to remember something for them to do if they had no prior knowledge of it?  This question gives way to the fact that the nation knew of the keeping of sabbath.  Their need to to take the reminder serious could come from their 400 years making brick and their God bringing them out of bondage!

In the case of Noah, God observed his sabbath in his dealings with Noah and the flood   You can tell he did by the number of times he uses the term “seven days” in Genesis 7 and 8.   In those chapters God would cause an event and wait seven days or say “after seven days” cause an event.  Genesis 7:4. For yet seven days, and I will cause it to rain upon the earth forty days and forty nights; and every living substance that I have made will I destroy from off the face of the earth.  The old saying is true, “timing is everything.”

Personally, I think when it comes to the sabbath, it is much like a covenant that God declares at different times, like he did with Adam, announcing him King of the Kingdom of Heaven, Genesis 1:26-31.   The observance of the sabbath would have been passed down from Adam to his sons in the same fashion they knew to bring offerings at times of worship as in the story of Cain and Abel. 

However, the question arises as mentioned earlier, why is it not mentioned much before the giving of the Law of Moses?  Since the scripture is quite silent on the particulars on the lives of the patriarchs, we too should remain quite.

 

 

APOSTLES WHO ARE NOT OF THE ORIGINAL 12

In the first blog about “The Apostles OF THE LORD” I listed all that were sited with apostles and got to thinking about it.  Then came to mind was 2 Timothy 2:15 and rightly dividing the Word.   Since only a few people not of the 12 were called apostles, Paul, Barnabas, Apollos, and James, the Lord’s brother were called “apostles”.  The others were not actually called apostles.  The Greek word “apostolos” is translated apostle and also messenger.  Others were given a description of an apostle but not actually called an apostle.   There are 6 men named apostles and 2 called messengers,  The following names below are the 8 people that fit the description of an apostle.

Paul,  Roman 1:1 and the 12 other books he wrote,  Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God,

Barnabas,  Acts 14:14, Which when the apostles, Barnabas and Paul, heard of, they rent their clothes, and ran in among the people, crying out,

Apollos,   Corinthians 4:6, 9, And these things, brethren, I have in a figure transferred to myself and to Apollos for your sakes; that ye might learn in us not to think of men above that which is written, that no one of you be puffed up for one against another.   9, For I think that God hath set forth us the apostles last, as it were appointed to death: for we are made a spectacle unto the world, and to angels, and to men.

James, the Lord’s brother, Gal. 1:19,  But other of the apostles saw I none, save James the Lord’s brother.

Silvanus andTimothy, I Thessalonians 1:1 and 2:6,     Paul, and Silvanus, and Timotheus, unto the church of the Thessalonians which is in God the Father and in the Lord Jesus Christ: Grace be unto you, and peace, from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ.  2:6, Nor of men sought we glory, neither of you, nor yet of others, when we might have been burdensome, as the apostles of Christ.

Epaphroditus,  Philippians 2:25,   Yet I supposed it necessary to send to you Epaphroditus, my brother, and companion in labour, and fellowsoldier, but your messenger, and he that ministered to my wants

Titus  2 Corinthians 2:25  Whether any do enquire of Titus, he is my partner and fellowhelper concerning you: or our brethren be enquired of, they are the messengers of the churches, and the glory of Christ.

Andronicus and Junia–Romans 16:7, “Salute Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen, and my fellowprisoners, who are of note among the apostles, who also were in Christ before me.”   They were given a great salute by Paul and said to be known of the apostles.  However, they were not given the title of apostle.  Other Brothers not named but also faithful are called messengers, according to Acts 28:23, “Whether any do enquire of Titus, he is my partner and fellowhelper concerning you: or our brethren be enquired of, they are the messengers of the churches, and the glory of Christ”.

Therefore, the first 6 men listed are indeed apostles, while the others are not apostles, should there be be a difference between the two words!  According to 2 Timothy 2:15 the other men that may fit the description of apostle but not actually called apostles may not be!   Henceforth, Epaphroditus, Titus, and the other unnamed brothers, may not be apostles even though the word messenger is from the same Greek word “apostolos” is used.    While, apostleship is an office, messenger is not according to Ephesians 4:11   “And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers;”

The authors of the KJV decided to translate the Greek word “apostolos” as “messenger”,  in these cases.   Possible reasons is either to reveal a distinguishing difference in apostle and messenger, or to give an explanation/definition of the word apostle.   The word “messenger” has two Greek words for this word, “messenger” and “apostle”.   Strong’s,  1 “apostolos” as from 649; a delegate; specially, an ambassador of the Gospel; officially a commissioner of Christ (“apostle”) (with miraculous powers):–apostle, messenger, he that is sent.   And,  2 “ἄγγελος”, from aggello (probably derived from 71; compare 34) (to bring tidings); a messenger; especially an “angel”; by implication, a pastor:–angel, messenger.

We  understand there are the original 12 and Christ as apostles.  There is another 6 men called apostles and then others who are called messengers, most likely another 6 bringing the total to 24 plus Christ, who is an apostle, Hebrew 3:1!  Now, having said all that, this brings up an interesting thought.  Suppose, all those who were called messengers were actually apostles.  This would make the total of apostles to be 24, who are men and not angels.  This would be important if you would consider Revelation 4:4  “And round about the throne were four and twenty seats: and upon the seats I saw four and twenty elders sitting, clothed in white raiment; and they had on their heads crowns of gold”.  

These 24 Elders, clothed in white, wearing crowns, are not angels,  but saints of the church.  Strong’s defines these “Elders” as comparative of presbus (elderly); older; as noun, a senior; specially, an Israelite Sanhedrist (also figuratively, member of the celestial council) or Christian “presbyter”:– elder(-est), old, Greek word,  “πρεσβύτερος”, “presbuteros”.   For further details on this see “Who are the twenty-four (24) elders in Revelation?”,  https://www.gotquestions.org/24-elders.html.  Now it is true the Bible provides no verse as to who these 24 Elders are, so says people at Got Questions.  This theory, these 24 elders are the apostles of the church, is a presumption, but it would interesting if further research were possible to make this link work! 

 

 

 

END TIME EVENTS

How Close Are WE?  

70th Week

I heard President Trump deliver a speech declaring that Jerusalem was the capital of the Nation of Israel.  Also on Fox News that peace talks would start soon, while other foreign leaders were condemning President Trump for this action.  I think the band is warming up for Daniel’s 70 week to begin!

Daniel’s 70 week , (Dan. 9:24-27) known for it’s teaching on the “Abomination of Desolation” Matt. 24:15  “When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand:)”.  Mark 13:14.  “But when ye shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing where it ought not, (let him that readeth understand,) then let them that be in Judaea flee to the mountains”:  Both of these passages of Scripture are textually speaking of the events before when Christ will be returning as king.  Daniel 9:24-27 is speaking of this same time that the apostle John writes of in Revelation 13, when speaking of the Anti-Christ.  

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The Anti-Christ is going to establish a one world government.  He will set this new world order according to the the chart at the right.  All four of these items are ready to be put in place.  When this new leader shows up he will allow Israel to worship in a newly built Temple for 3.5 years and then break his agreement and demand that he is to be worshipped.  Assigning a mark for his worshippers to wear and those who do not worship him are reserved as the sacrifice, having their heads cut off (Rev. 20: 4)

The Scripture for tracing this teaching is Daniel 7:8-11, 19-26, 9:24-27, 11:36-45, Revelation 13:1-8. 17:1-13, 20:4.   These verses show how the Anti-Christ will rule over a ten nation confederacy that will represent a revived Roman empire.  Once the treaty is signed between the Anti-Christ and Israel, allowing Israel toworship  God The Father.  They will begin to do this in a newly built temple for three and a half years, when the Anti-Christ will put an end to this and demand that all worship him.

John Walvoord summed an article he wrote about the Anti-Christ and the scripture relating topic with this statement.  “The appropriateness of this prophecy to our present day is another indication that the church may be ending its earthly course and that end-time prophecy is about to be fulfilled”.     This article was taken from the Theological Journal Library CD and posted with permission of Galaxie Software.

I agree with Mr Walvoord when he says “end-time prophecy is about to be fulfilled”. Therefore, what we are seeing in the news these days, referencing the recognizing of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, the activity with North Korea, and news on the GOP and the Democrats, are in fact evidence that end time prophecy is about to be fulfilled.

ONE WORLD GOVERNMENT?

The time is drawing near as mentioned in the blog about the End Time Events.  We are on the eve of the Anti-Christ playing his “One World Government” card.  Internet sources predict a 2030 date for there agenda to kick off, or be in full swing, that is just twelve years from now.  The goals of the Anti-Christ are laid out in the book of Revelation chapter thirteen.   The agenda of the anti-Christ through the United Nations is to make this happen as seen in the chart.14134705_666038046886022_737894274_n

The last four Presidents were all in favor of this agenda. The Sovereign God to ensure his plan caused an upset in Satan’s agenda with our 2016 Presidential election!  He placed a President in office that has thwarted this agenda like no other!   1 Cor. 1:27-28   “But God hath chosen the foolish things of the world to confound the wise; and God hath chosen the weak things of the world to confound the things which are mighty; And base things of the world, and things which are despised, hath God chosen, yea, and things which are not, to bring to nought things that are”.   If you watch the news you can see how God has gummed up the works for Liberals and the Democrats by his choice of president or the USA in the last election!

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“The only thing they are lacking right now is a sufficient crisis big enough to win enthusiastic public support in America and other nations in the world for full-on global governance,” says Paul McGuire, a Fox News and History Channel contributor and co-author of the new release, “Babylon Code: Solving the Bible’s Greatest End Time Mystery.”        Read more at http://www.wnd.com/2015/09/obama-puts-u-s-on-fast-track-to-world-government/#OwDMhe4J6u9E9fsC.99.   
BabylonCode

Do you think the Korean, “Rocket Man” could provide this substantial crisis that would be big enough to kick this off?     But this is no joking matter and I don’t mean to make light of this situation.  But what this really means is that one needs to be sure they have a right relationship with the Lord.  They need to ask God to forgive their sin and ask Christ to come into their heart and save them.   Follow this scripture

Romans 10:9-13 “That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation. For the scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed. For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek: for the same Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon him. For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.”

ONE WORLD GOVERNMENT?

THE BIRTH OF CHRIST

We have come to the “Most Wonderfull Time of the Year”, Christmas time!!!  I think most true disciples realize that December 25th is not the actual date of the birth of Christ.  The question is; “Do we have an actual date for Christ’s birth?”  That is a tough one.  The Bible does not give a verse that tells us that exact date, but does lay out various clues that may help zone in on a precise date.  A quick answer can provide the day but not the year, if one would take the feasts of the Lord, given to the Jews in Leviticus 23 as to when the Jews were to celebrate certain things.  slide1-n

         The Feasts of the Lord, given above are broken down into Spring Feasts and Fall Feasts.  Theses feasts have been on the Jewish calendar since the time of Moses and are dress rehearsals for the Israelites to play out each year.  These feasts also lay out the doctrinal and prophetic events that were and those to come for the nation of Israel.  These spring feasts were fulfilled by Christ Jesus to the day and hour.  The fall feasts are believed to be fulfilled the same way!  Jesus will fulfill these fall feasts to the day and to the hour.

          The Feast of Tabernacles,  Sukkot,  points directly to the time Israel dwelt in the wilderness for forty years in booths, i.e. tents.  Sukkot also points prophetically towards our Lord’s second coming, and the millennial reign of Christ, when God will dwell among us.   This feast will be fulfilled in the days to come.   This feast was fulfilled once already when Christ came to dwell with us when he came at his birth and was called “Emanuel, God with us”, Matt. 1:23    “Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.”    Therefore, this day, The Feast of Tabernacles,  is the day on which Jesus was born!  Therefore, whatever day of the week this day falls on, that day is the date of the Lord’s birthday!   Therefore, the 15th of Tishri, (end of September and beginning of October),  is the day Jesus was born.  What is not known is the year our Lord was born.  Even as the date is now set at December 25th, the year still is unknown.  Those who have viewed the verses and ultra biblical sources have only stated that the year would fall somewhere between 7bc and 1bc, a seven year span that could be the year of Christ’s birth would have been.

The Events that are searched out for this information are things like Herod’s death, the reign of Pilate, why did Joseph and Mary go to Bethlehem, the birth of John the baptist, and others like Josephus, an extra Biblical source, and others!  For others that would site the same conclusions you can scan those on YouTube.  Pastor Mark Blitz is one you can check for facts about The Feasts of Israel, author of “God’s Day Timer”.

The Feasts of the Lord at the time they were given by Moses, were prophetic events that would expose all that the Lord would accomplish in the life of Christ for the nation of Israel and ultimately the world.  Jesus fulfilled the first four feasts to the day and hour.   Jesus was the passover lamb, the bread of life, the first fruits of the harvest, and is the head of the church.  He is why the Trumpets are blown, who will be judge on the Day of Atonement, and he is the King of Kings and Lord of Lords, when he returns to establish his Kingdom.

The Feasts of the Lord are definitely the Lords.  However they were given to Israel, by Moses, Leviticus 23, and apply to the nation of Israel.  They were to be fulfilled by Israel each and every year to the date and hour and they have been before and after Christ Jesus.  However, the Body of Christ, while not directed to keep these feasts does not mean there is not application to the Body of Christ.

Be on the look out for the blog on The Feasts of the Lord.