APOSTLES WHO ARE NOT OF THE ORIGINAL 12

In the first blog about “The Apostles OF THE LORD” I listed all that were sited with apostles and got to thinking about it.  Then came to mind was 2 Timothy 2:15 and rightly dividing the Word.   Since only a few people not of the 12 were called apostles, Paul, Barnabas, Apollos, and James, the Lord’s brother were called “apostles”.  The others were not actually called apostles.  The Greek word “apostolos” is translated apostle and also messenger.  Others were given a description of an apostle but not actually called an apostle.   There are 6 men named apostles and 2 called messengers,  The following names below are the 8 people that fit the description of an apostle.

Paul,  Roman 1:1 and the 12 other books he wrote,  Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called to be an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God,

Barnabas,  Acts 14:14, Which when the apostles, Barnabas and Paul, heard of, they rent their clothes, and ran in among the people, crying out,

Apollos,   Corinthians 4:6, 9, And these things, brethren, I have in a figure transferred to myself and to Apollos for your sakes; that ye might learn in us not to think of men above that which is written, that no one of you be puffed up for one against another.   9, For I think that God hath set forth us the apostles last, as it were appointed to death: for we are made a spectacle unto the world, and to angels, and to men.

James, the Lord’s brother, Gal. 1:19,  But other of the apostles saw I none, save James the Lord’s brother.

Silvanus andTimothy, I Thessalonians 1:1 and 2:6,     Paul, and Silvanus, and Timotheus, unto the church of the Thessalonians which is in God the Father and in the Lord Jesus Christ: Grace be unto you, and peace, from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ.  2:6, Nor of men sought we glory, neither of you, nor yet of others, when we might have been burdensome, as the apostles of Christ.

Epaphroditus,  Philippians 2:25,   Yet I supposed it necessary to send to you Epaphroditus, my brother, and companion in labour, and fellowsoldier, but your messenger, and he that ministered to my wants

Titus  2 Corinthians 2:25  Whether any do enquire of Titus, he is my partner and fellowhelper concerning you: or our brethren be enquired of, they are the messengers of the churches, and the glory of Christ.

Andronicus and Junia–Romans 16:7, “Salute Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen, and my fellowprisoners, who are of note among the apostles, who also were in Christ before me.”   They were given a great salute by Paul and said to be known of the apostles.  However, they were not given the title of apostle.  Other Brothers not named but also faithful are called messengers, according to Acts 28:23, “Whether any do enquire of Titus, he is my partner and fellowhelper concerning you: or our brethren be enquired of, they are the messengers of the churches, and the glory of Christ”.

Therefore, the first 6 men listed are indeed apostles, while the others are not apostles, should there be be a difference between the two words!  According to 2 Timothy 2:15 the other men that may fit the description of apostle but not actually called apostles may not be!   Henceforth, Epaphroditus, Titus, and the other unnamed brothers, may not be apostles even though the word messenger is from the same Greek word “apostolos” is used.    While, apostleship is an office, messenger is not according to Ephesians 4:11   “And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers;”

The authors of the KJV decided to translate the Greek word “apostolos” as “messenger”,  in these cases.   Possible reasons is either to reveal a distinguishing difference in apostle and messenger, or to give an explanation/definition of the word apostle.   The word “messenger” has two Greek words for this word, “messenger” and “apostle”.   Strong’s,  1 “apostolos” as from 649; a delegate; specially, an ambassador of the Gospel; officially a commissioner of Christ (“apostle”) (with miraculous powers):–apostle, messenger, he that is sent.   And,  2 “ἄγγελος”, from aggello (probably derived from 71; compare 34) (to bring tidings); a messenger; especially an “angel”; by implication, a pastor:–angel, messenger.

We  understand there are the original 12 and Christ as apostles.  There is another 6 men called apostles and then others who are called messengers, most likely another 6 bringing the total to 24 plus Christ, who is an apostle, Hebrew 3:1!  Now, having said all that, this brings up an interesting thought.  Suppose, all those who were called messengers were actually apostles.  This would make the total of apostles to be 24, who are men and not angels.  This would be important if you would consider Revelation 4:4  “And round about the throne were four and twenty seats: and upon the seats I saw four and twenty elders sitting, clothed in white raiment; and they had on their heads crowns of gold”.  

These 24 Elders, clothed in white, wearing crowns, are not angels,  but saints of the church.  Strong’s defines these “Elders” as comparative of presbus (elderly); older; as noun, a senior; specially, an Israelite Sanhedrist (also figuratively, member of the celestial council) or Christian “presbyter”:– elder(-est), old, Greek word,  “πρεσβύτερος”, “presbuteros”.   For further details on this see “Who are the twenty-four (24) elders in Revelation?”,  https://www.gotquestions.org/24-elders.html.  Now it is true the Bible provides no verse as to who these 24 Elders are, so says people at Got Questions.  This theory, these 24 elders are the apostles of the church, is a presumption, but it would interesting if further research were possible to make this link work! 

 

 

 

The Apostles of the Lord, Cont.

th         JUDAS ISCARIOT5c38d654f9ff663384dd799c73a00c2a--judas-iscariot-the-bible

            The one apostle who is known far beyond he others is Judas Iscariot.   There is good reason for this.  Judas was known for being the greedy treasurer of the group, concluding with the Pharisees for 30 pieces of silver, becoming the traitor of Christ, and for hanging himself.

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.Judas_Kiss    Judas is by far a character, However, the thing he is most noted for is Jesus’s reference of Judas as being the “son of perdition”

           The following two passages of scripture will bear this out.  

John 17:12   “While I was with them in the world, I kept them in thy name: those that thou gavest me I have kept, and none of them is lost, but the son of perdition; that the scripture might be fulfilled.”

2 These. 2:3   “Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition”

          Jesus is praying to the Father saying He has keep all the apostles, given to him by the Father, except one, the “son of perdition”, that being “Judas”.  And in the second verse this son of perdition is referred to as the “man of sin”, again that is Judas, for he is the son of perdition!  Another interesting verse concerning Judas is in Acts 1.25   “And they prayed, and said, Thou, Lord, which knowest the hearts of all men, shew whether of these two thou hast chosen, That he may take part of this ministry and apostleship, from which Judas by transgression fell,”  This passage is talking how the apostles were choosing another person to the apostleship to replace Judas.  The interesting thing here is the last phrase one the verse,  “that he might go to his own place.”  So what is his own place?

          So what are we talking about here?   Judas has died and what place is he going to, Abraham’s bosom or hell, Luke 16:19-31, (the story of Lazarus and the rich man), or his own place, should that place be different from those two.   Judas is the “son of perdition”, does that mean he is more than an ordinary man?  Judas as an ordinary man, who is not saved, would be placed in hell, like the rich man of Luke 16.  If Judas was a saved man he would have gone to Abraham’s bosom, like Lazarus, from the same passage.  He could not have gone to heaven at that time for Christ had not died and resurrected yet.  Today the unsaved, lost man when he dies goes to hell. The saved individual, those “Born Again” by the Spirit of God, will go to heaven, 2 Thess. 5:8. “We are confident, I say, and willing rather to be absent from the body, and to be present with the Lord.”

          Therefore, what does it mean that Judas is the “son of perdition”, a “son of the damned”, (see strong’s definition of perdition), and he went to his own place?  Jesus was talking with his disciples, calling Judas a devil, John 6:70-71    “Jesus answered them, Have not I chosen you twelve, and one of you is a devil? — He spake of Judas Iscariot the son of Simon: for he it was that should betray him, being one of the twelve”.  OK, Judas is a devil, so where would be the place that would be his own?  I call your attention to Revelation 9.  However, before looking a Revelation, I want to remind you of the men that destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah were angels, Gen. 18-19.  The Idea here is that since angels can transform themselves into men, devils likewise can transform themselves into men as well.  Devils who could do this would give highlights to who were the “sons of God” were in Genesis 6.  Jude gives information as to what may be Judas’ own place, Jude 1:6-7    “And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day. Even as Sodom and Gomorrha, and the cities about them in like manner, giving themselves over to fornication, and going after strange flesh, are set forth for an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire”.

          Revelation 9 gives us a clue that the “bottomless pit” is the place Judas was headed too upon his death after hanging himself.  Rev. 9:1   “And the fifth angel sounded, and I saw a star fall from heaven unto the earth: and to him was given the key of the bottomless pit” and Rev 9:11   “And they had a king over them, which is the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue is Abaddon, but in the Greek tongue hath his name Apollyon.”   Along with the Jude passage and those of Genesis it is real conceivable that Judas is in fact a fallen angel, a devil, confined to the bottomless pit until a later date, either a time in the great tribulation or at the great white throne judgment and being cast into a lake of fire.

This discussion opens further discussions on who are the sons of God, for Born Again christians are called sons of God in John 1:11-13   “He came unto his own, and his own received him not. But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name: Which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God”.

son-of-god-became-man

  2 Cor. 15:20-21   “Now then we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did beseech you by us: we pray you in Christ’s stead, be ye reconciled to God. For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him”.