KINGDOM OF GOD vs KINGDOM OF HEAVEN

The Kingdom of God and Kingdom of Heaven are they one in the same thing or two different kingdoms?   Biblical Author, Matthew, is the only apostle to use the phrase KOH.  Why is that?  Why is it that all apostles use KOG, including Matthew?  What makes these two phrases unique? 

This phrase “Kingdom of Heaven”, further known as “KOH” is used by Matthew only 32 times.  I’m not going to exegete all 32 verses but I will show were they are alike with the “Kingdom of God” known further as “KOG”.

Will an examination of Synoptic parallels will demonstrate that the two phrases refer to the same idea?

  • “the kingdom of Heaven is at hand” (Matt. 4:17) || “the kingdom of God is at hand” (Mark 1:15)
  • “Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of Heaven” (Matt. 5:3) || “Blessed are the poor, for yours is the kingdom of God” (Luke 6:20)
  • “Among those born of women there has not risen a greater than John the Baptist, notwithstanding he who is least in the kingdom of Heaven is greater than him.” (Matt. 11:11) || “Among those born of women there is not a greater prophet than John the Baptist, but he who is least in the kingdom of God is greater than him.” (Luke 7:28)
  • “the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven” (Matt. 13:11) || “the mysteries of the kingdom of God” (Mark 4:11 cp. Luke 8:10)
  • “the kingdom of Heaven is like a grain of mustard seed” (Matt 13:31) || “the kingdom of God…is like a grain of mustard seed” (Mark 4:30-31 cp. Luke 13:18-19)
  • “The kingdom of Heaven is like leaven” (Matt. 13:33) || “the kingdom of God…is like leaven” (Luke 13:20)
  • “Except you be converted, and become as little children, you shall not enter into the kingdom of Heaven” (Matt. 18:3-4) || “Whosoever shall not receive the kingdom of God as a little child, he shall not enter therein” (Mark 10:15)
  • “Allow little children, and do not forbid them to come to me, for of such is the kingdom of Heaven.” (Matt. 19:14) || “Allow the little children to come to me, and do not forbid them, for of such is the kingdom of God.” (Mark 10:14 cp. Luke 18:16)
  • “a rich man shall hardly enter into the kingdom of Heaven” (Matt. 19:23) || “How hardly shall they who have riches enter into the kingdom of God!” (Luke 18:24).                                                                                                               2018 Bible.org

 There are two verses in Matthew I would like to discuss Matthew 19:23, 24.  

23, Then said Jesus unto his disciples, Verily I say unto you, That a rich man shall hardly enter into the kingdom of heaven.

24,  And again I say unto you, It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God.

Moody dissertation on KOG vs KOH.    Question: “What is the difference between the Kingdom of God and the Kingdom of Heaven?”

Answer: While some believe that the Kingdom of God and Kingdom of Heaven are referring to different things, it is clear that both phrases are referring to the same thing.   (IT is not clear clear that both phrases are referring to the same thing, although, Moody says they are and even though, the following phrases contain NO facts.) (EMPHASIS MINE)        The phrase “kingdom of God” occurs 68 times in 10 different New Testament books, while “kingdom of heaven” occurs only 32 times, and only in the Gospel of Matthew. Based on Matthew’s exclusive use of the phrase and the Jewish nature of his Gospel, some interpreters have concluded that Matthew was writing concerning the millennial kingdom while the other New Testament authors were referring to the universal kingdom. However, a closer study of the use of the phrase reveals that this interpretation is in error.  (2 Tim 2:15,   A Rightly dividing of the word of truth, over these verses will reveal that the KOG and KOH are very different.)(EMPHASIS MINE).

For example, speaking to the rich young ruler, Christ uses “kingdom of heaven” and “kingdom of God” interchangeably. (Matthew 19:23) Then Jesus said to his disciples, ‘I tell you the truth, it is hard for a rich man to enter the kingdom of heaven’” . In the very next verse, (Matthew 19:24) proclaims, “Again I tell you, it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God”.    Jesus makes no distinction between the two terms but seems to consider them synonymous.    (2 Tim 2:15,   A Rightly dividing of the word of truth, over these verses will reveal that the KOG and KOH are very different.)(EMPHASIS MINE)

Mark and Luke used “kingdom of God” where Matthew used “kingdom of heaven” frequently in parallel accounts of the same parable Compare Matthew 11:11-12 with Luke 7:28; Matthew 13:11with Mark 4:11 and Luke 8:10; Matthew 13:24 with Mark 4:26; Matthew 13:31 with Mark 4:30 and Luke 13:18; Matthew 13:33 with Luke 13:20; Matthew 18:3 with Mark 10:14 and Luke 18:16; and Matthew 22:2 with Luke 13:29. In each instance, Matthew used the phrase “kingdom of heaven” while Mark and/or Luke used “kingdom of God.” Clearly, the two phrases refer to the same thing.   (IT is not clearly that both phrases are referring to the same thing, although, Moody says they are.) (EMPHASIS MINE)

It is easy to say that because one biblical writer said similar things in a few comparative verses only, or clearly, means they are the same.  However, just the opposite is the truth, they are similar in those few places, but very different and speak of 2 very different Kingdoms.  They are different for these reasons:

1A,  Definition of the word “Kingdom”

Here is where some light will shine forth with the definition “Kingdom”.   Kingdom, basileia, and βασιλεία, (Greek Word), means reign of a realm, a kingdom reign .  Jesus would be the king that rules both kingdoms.  While both kingdoms are similar at times it is because each kingdom is ruled by Jesus.  Thus, answering the phrase “the Kingdom of God/Heaven is at hand “.   Each biblical author could say that when they wrote was because Jesus was there when they wrote about the situation.  

1B,  The word “heaven” has a variety of uses as well and is defined as;

noun. 1 a place regarded in various religions as the abode of God (or the gods) and the angels, and of the good after death, often traditionally depicted as being above the sky. God (or the gods): Constantine was persuaded that disunity in the Church was displeasing to heaven. Theology a state of being eternally in the presence of God after death. used in various exclamations as a substitute for “God”: heaven knows! | good heavens! 2 (often heavens) literary the sky, especially perceived as a vault in which the sun, moon, stars, and planets are situated: Galileo used a telescope to observe the heavens. 3 informal a place, state, or experience of supreme bliss: lying by the pool with a good book is my idea of heaven.

According to any good real-estate agent the best place to live is determined by 3  things, Location, Location, and Location, therefore, in which location do you find the KOG and the KOH?   Each has a different location for they were both Created at different times!

1C,  The Kingdom of God existed before the Kingdom of Heaven, Job 38:3-7,

 God questioning Job,   “Gird up now thy loins like a man; for I will demand of thee, and answer thou me.    Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth? declare, if thou hast understanding.  Who hath laid the measures thereof, if thou knowest?  or who hath stretched the line upon it?  Whereupon are the foundations thereof fastened?   or who laid the corner stone thereof; When the morning stars sang together,  and all the sons of God shouted for joy?”

These sons of God noted in the passage are spiritual beings, (JOB 1:6, 2:1) angels, watching the Lord create the Heavens and the Earth.  Emphasis being that God already had a kingdom that he was in control of called (Kingdom of God), while in the process of creating another Realm (The Kingdom of Heaven), that is entirely Physical in nature, contingent on space, time, and dimensional aspects. Although, no matter how similar they are or may appear, they are in no way, shape, or form, the same.  For the KOG is Spiritual and the KOH is Physical! (Emphasis Mine).  The subjects of each kingdom are different!  Subjects of the KOH cannot enter the KOG upon their own volition!   They are physical, I Cor. 15:50, “Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither doth corruption inherit incorruption”,  The subjects of the KOG upon its creation were all direct creations of God, all Spiritual.  The same was true for the KOH, for Adam was a direct creation of God, however, physical, Genesis 1:26-27, in that he was called “son of God”, Luke 3:38.  Satan was member of this KOG as the anointed Cherub that covereth the throne,       Ezekiel 28:14, Thou art the anointed cherub that covereth; and I have set thee so: thou wast upon the holy mountain of God; thou hast walked up and down in the midst of the stones of fire.”  God created hosts and hosts and thousands of thousands of angels, for there was no procreation among angels, Matthew 26:53,  Thinkest thou that I cannot now pray to my Father, and he shall presently give me more than twelve legions of angels?  

Adam and Eve were Direct creations of God and yet were both made of the dust of the ground, (Physical).  Every one else were born physical, of flesh and blood and cannot inherit the KOG, but must be born again John 3:5-7, ” Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. Marvel not that I said unto thee, Ye must be born again.”

Therefore the KOG is a spiritual kingdom and the KOH is a physical kingdom made at two specific different times and are as different as night and day.  They are different in where, when, and who, they were made, and who they were made for.   Who the subjects that lived in each are very different in substance, form, and purpose!

These parallel verses while looking like the phrases are used interchangeable, they are showing they  both have problems with the rich      Matthew 19:23,  Then said Jesus unto his disciples, Verily I say unto you, that a rich man shall hardly enter into the kingdom of heaven.     Matthew 19:24, again I say unto you, It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God.

The problem with the rich is that they have no need for God.  They are increased with goods and have need of nothing.  That attitude with the church of Laodicean, Rev 3:17, “ Because thou sayest, I am rich, and increased with goods, and have need of nothing; and knowest not that thou art wretched, and miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked”, shows the problem with someone who has no need of God in any realm or kingdom they dwell in.  These verses are only interchangeable in relation to the rich who think they do not need God, but does not mean the two kingdoms are the same.

The facts that each kingdom were, 1. constructed at different times, (KOG existed before KOH), 2.  in different ways, (KOG Spiritual Realm, KOH Physical Realm and 3.  having different types of beings to live in each of them, (KOG Angels, KOH Humans), shows that they are not the same on so many different levels, it is foolish to think they are the same, no matter how many verses show their similarities or who say they are the same.

 

THE FEASTS OF THE LORD, PART 2

THE SPRING FEASTS,  fullsizeoutput_20c

Here are the Original Spring Feasts Dates.

Feast of Passover,                   14 Nisan, 3790, or Wednesday, April 3, 30AD,                                  Feast of Unleavened Bread, 15-21 Nisan, 3790, or Thursday, Wednesday, 4-10, 30AD.                  Feast of Firstfruits,                 18 Nisan, 3790, or Sunday, April 7, 30AD,                            Pentecost,                                   8 Sivan, 3790, or Sunday,  May 26, 30 AD

an overview of the Feasts of the Lord, we will be looking at them according to date on the Hebrew and Gregorian calendars, which can be a little confusing at times.

Passover on the Hebrew calendar is always on 14 Nisan no matter what day of the week it falls on in the Gregorian we pagans use today.

Unleavened Bread follows Passover on the calendar, therefore, the dates are 15-21 Nisan, lasting one week.

Firstfruits, according to the Scriptures, it will be on a Sunday, the first day of the week!     Matt. 28:1,  “In the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulcher”. 

These first three feasts speak of Jesus’ death, burial, and resurrection.  Jesus’ death, for the Israelites, as the slain lamb, whose blood was placed on the door post as the angel of death passover the Israelites to spare the first born son of each home, Exodus 12.  The Unleavened Bread was to be eaten with the lamb and bitter herbs.    This bread speaks of the sinlessness of the savior and the casting out of sin from a person’s life.  For we know a little leaven leaveneth the whole lump, Gal. 5:9.  The Feast of Firstfruits speak of the Resurrection of Christ from the grave, gaining victory over Death, Hell, and Satan.   

The timing of these events comes into question here, especially with Passover and Firstfruits.  Firstfruits need be on Sunday, as noted above and Jesus was 3 days and nights in the grave, Matt. 12:40,   “For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale’s belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth”.   This means that this Passover was on a Wednesday not on Friday in a particular year in the life of Christ.  You cannot get 3 full days and nights with a Friday Death, Burial, and resurrection.   The Resurrection when Christ rose from the dead was on the sunset at the end of the weekly Saturday Sabbath, 6:01pm Saturday, the Hebrew first day of the week, Sunday, Matt. 28:1.  

Passover Nisan 14, 3790,   April 3, 30 AD is a Wednesday,  meaning Nisan 15, 30 AD is a High Sabbath Day, and the first day of the feast of Unleavened Bread.  Also meaning, within a two week time line there will be four Sabbath Days, two regular and two high sabbath days.  Firstfruits would be 18 Nisan, 3790,  or Sunday,  April 7, 30 AD.

Pentecost was 50 days following the Feast of Firstfruits, 7 Sabbaths and one day.  The resurrection of Christ Jesus was a Sunday, therefore, the Feast of Shavuot, of weeks, of harvest, or Pentecost is a Sunday, (8 Sivan, 3790, May 26, 30 AD), Ex.23:14-17, Lev 23, Duet. 16:16.  The correct annual date for Pentecost is not connected to the date of Easter, and Pentecost did not originate with the beginnings of Christianity.   The Greek word πεντηκοστή in the Septuagint translation of the Old Testament in reference to the Hebrew’s Feast of Shavuot, which is celebrated every year in very late spring.

It should be noted that Jesus fulfilled each of these feasts, not only observing them each year he lived, but actually became them with His Death, Burial, and Resurrection and through the Spirit, Pentecost.  It is also amazing that the Jews missed these events since they were all mentioned in the Old Testament hundreds of years before they happened and these feasts they practiced and rehearsed every year!

fall-feasts-of-the-lord

Months-images

The Feast of Trumpets falls on the first of Tishri, the 7th month of the Hebrew sacred calendar and first on the civic calendar.  Israel, has two calendars because they reflect both the Lunar and solar calendars.  Wikilinks said The Hebrew calendar, “is a lunisolar calendar used today predominantly for Jewish religious observances. It determines the dates for Jewish holidays and the appropriate public reading of Torah portions, yahrzeits (dates to commemorate the death of a relative), and daily Psalm readings, among many ceremonial uses. In Israel, it is used for religious purposes, provides a time frame for agriculture and is an official calendar for civil purposes, although the latter usage has been steadily declining in favor of the Gregorian calendar.”

The Feasts of Trumpets, Leviticus 23:23-25,  is the only feast that is based on the sighting of the new moon while all the others are based on the full moon.  Since it is based on the new moon sighting it is interesting to note that there is no one certain day it can called, because it took two priests to make a physical sighting of when the new moon was and that info had to be passed on to the High Priests.  This Day is also known as one long day.  This Day is also associated the wedding feast of the bridegroom coming for his bride.     It is started with a sabbath, a memorial of blowing of trumpets, and an holy convocation.  It is also called Rosh Hashanah, which means “Head of the Year,” because it marks the beginning of the Jewish civil calendar.  The Hebrew word תרועה Yom Teruah, has this definition, which means “a shout” or “a blowing.” It appears that the shofar (ram’s horn) was to be blown at this time, as it was on the other new moons (Psalm 81:3). Jewish tradition indicates that both the ram’s horn and the priestly silver horns (hazozerah) were used in the Feast of Trumpets.  The Feast of Trumpets was a blowing of trumpets to announce to God’s people of a time of judgement and Christ’s coming, ” (Joel 2:1; see also Zephaniah 1:14,16).  Now while these three feasts all are in the same month of Tishri the timing or fullment of their events may happen in different years.  Daniel’s prophecy in Dan 9, 24-27, noting the time of Jacobs trouble, Jeremiah 30, that there may be years between the three fall Feasts, even though they celebrated every year at the same time each year.  There are 7 years between Christ’s actual coming and a time of judgement by the anti-christ, Time of Jacob’s Trouble, Jer. 30, Dan 9:24-27.

The Feast of Atonement is kept on 10 Tishri for 5 days, and known as Yom Kippur.  Leviticus 16:1-34 brings out all the rituals involved, in how the priests are to react and how the Children of Israel are to repent before the Lord returns. Jews today still celebrate the annual Day of Atonement, traditionally observing this holy day with a 25-hour period of fasting and intensive prayer, often spending most of the day in synagogue services. This Feast falls on different days each year in the Gregorian calendar in September-October, like all the rest of the feasts.  The first Yom Kippur was instituted the day after the the Israelites worshipped the golden calf, and Moses told them they had sinned a great sin, Ex 32:30-33 and Ex 34:39-30 When Moses came down claiming God had forgiven them.  

The Feast of Tabernacles is celebrated on 15 Tishri by the Israelites.  On our modern Gregorian calendar, which did NOT exist at the time of Christ Jesus’ birth, He would have been born on Saturday, 30 September, 4BC, according to the Hebcal Converter, and not December 25th, as the Catholics set forth.   The Feast of Tabernacles.  15 Tishri,  3761 (Hebrew year must be in the common era (3761 and above)  on the Hebrew’s calendar,  would be the day Jesus was born and is associated when He comes again 15 Tishri in an up coming year, marks when Jesus will come again to establish His kingdom here on earth as the King of Kings, Rev. 19.  This comes from believing the verse that says Jesus is Emanuel, God With Us, Matthew 1:23, “Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us”.  He was with us at his birth and will be again at his second coming and that time is celebrated by the Israelites each year on  15 Tishri, the Feast of Tabernacles, or Feast of Booths.   

Leviticus 23:39-43,   Also in the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when ye have gathered in the fruit of the land, ye shall keep a feast unto the Lord seven days: on the first day shall be a sabbath, and on the eighth day shall be a sabbath. And ye shall take you on the first day the boughs of goodly trees, branches of palm trees, and the boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook; and ye shall rejoice before the Lord your God seven days. And ye shall keep it a feast unto the Lord seven days in the year. It shall be a statute for ever in your generations: ye shall celebrate it in the seventh month. Ye shall dwell in booths seven days; all that are Israelites born shall dwell in booths: That your generations may know that I made the children of Israel to dwell in booths, when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the Lord your God.Sukkot-56a1485c3df78cf772692870

tabernacle-shekinah

Artist conception of the time                                  Modern day view

This has been a short overview of the Feasts of the Lord and designed to get you started on a study of of your own.

 

ONE WORLD GOVERNMENT?

The time is drawing near as mentioned in the blog about the End Time Events.  We are on the eve of the Anti-Christ playing his “One World Government” card.  Internet sources predict a 2030 date for there agenda to kick off, or be in full swing, that is just twelve years from now.  The goals of the Anti-Christ are laid out in the book of Revelation chapter thirteen.   The agenda of the anti-Christ through the United Nations is to make this happen as seen in the chart.14134705_666038046886022_737894274_n

The last four Presidents were all in favor of this agenda. The Sovereign God to ensure his plan caused an upset in Satan’s agenda with our 2016 Presidential election!  He placed a President in office that has thwarted this agenda like no other!   1 Cor. 1:27-28   “But God hath chosen the foolish things of the world to confound the wise; and God hath chosen the weak things of the world to confound the things which are mighty; And base things of the world, and things which are despised, hath God chosen, yea, and things which are not, to bring to nought things that are”.   If you watch the news you can see how God has gummed up the works for Liberals and the Democrats by his choice of president or the USA in the last election!

UN-Agenda-2030-678x381

“The only thing they are lacking right now is a sufficient crisis big enough to win enthusiastic public support in America and other nations in the world for full-on global governance,” says Paul McGuire, a Fox News and History Channel contributor and co-author of the new release, “Babylon Code: Solving the Bible’s Greatest End Time Mystery.”        Read more at http://www.wnd.com/2015/09/obama-puts-u-s-on-fast-track-to-world-government/#OwDMhe4J6u9E9fsC.99.   
BabylonCode

Do you think the Korean, “Rocket Man” could provide this substantial crisis that would be big enough to kick this off?     But this is no joking matter and I don’t mean to make light of this situation.  But what this really means is that one needs to be sure they have a right relationship with the Lord.  They need to ask God to forgive their sin and ask Christ to come into their heart and save them.   Follow this scripture

Romans 10:9-13 “That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation. For the scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed. For there is no difference between the Jew and the Greek: for the same Lord over all is rich unto all that call upon him. For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.”

ONE WORLD GOVERNMENT?

End Time Events

In the way our country and our world have established themselves, one could say we are in the “End Times”!   It was seen Nov. 28, 2017 that North Korea has an ICBM missile that can now reach the USA!    So the question is, how long is it before the Antichrist plays the “One World Government” card?   There is no doubt that the USA is under the judgment of God, with hurricanes in the south, forrest fires in California, a volcano in Hawaii, and now a vicious threat from North Korea.   This is a very real threat could be the event that could push the USA into WWIII.  We are seeing Sexual Harassment and Assault cases in every area from governmental agencies to the private sector, which alone to be enough to bring the judgment of God upon us.

          The key to the beginning of end time events is the Nation of Israel.  What is happening to them is what needs to be looked at to determine were we are at in the end times.  However, it will take a crisis to bring in the End Times.  Look at this quote from Paul McGuire, a Fox News and History Channel contributor and co-author of the new release, “Babylon Code: Solving the Bible’s Greatest End Time Mystery.   “The only thing they are lacking right now is a sufficient crisis big enough to win enthusiastic public support in America and other nations in the world for full-on global governance,”   

Should North Korea shoot off a missile or the USA set off a pre-emptive strike could be the crisis it takes to set off the one world government movement.  

          What do think?   Let me hear from you on End Time Events.   Send your Comment at the bottom of this page!

Who Were the Seventy Apostles

          The Seventy chosen by the Lord Jesus are only recorded in the Gospel of Luke in chapter ten.  Their names are not recorded but they were given a call very similar to that of the twelve.  In Luke 10 these Seventy were never referred to as apostles and Luke refers to the Seventy as “disciples”.  Most likely some or many did not meet the qualifications for apostles, even though they are sent out by Christ.  Catholic scholars have lists of who the Seventy might be and you can Google to see them.

          The Seventy find they are to go to every city that the Lord would go Himself, while the Twelve were only to go to the Nation of Israel.   This means their travels was not limited to just Jews but may have  include Gentiles, as well.  The other significant difference was in the message the two groups were to deliver.  The Twelve were to preach “The Kingdom of Heaven was at hand”, (Matt. 10:7) while the Seventy were to deliver in their message, “The Kingdom of God is at hand”  (Luke 10:11).  This is signifiant because of who they are and who they represent.  The Message of the Twelve was to be given to the Nation of Israel only.  Therefore the “Kingdom of Heaven” was a message for the Nation of Israel, for The Millennial Kingdom is the fulfillment of the covenants of God to them. 

          Yes, there are those who say that both statements can be used interchangeably!  Even though similar things can be said of both, they are very much different in there nature.   The real fact that connect these two Kingdoms together is that King Jesus is the King of both when he is present.  The Kingdom of Heaven is a literal, physical, and political kingdom.  Something your five senses can appreciate.  This literal, physical, and political kingdom was given to Adam when he was created, Gen. 1:27-28 “So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them. And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth”.   To have dominion over something is the work of a king.images

          The Kingdom of Heaven is a literal, physical, and political place noted in Genesis, the firmament (the Universe) is called Heaven.   Gen. 1:8  “And God called the firmament Heaven.”  Adam was made, the king, of this kingdom by the Trinity.  Over the past 6000 years this literal, physical, and political kingdom changed hands from time to time to where Satan is now the god of this world,  the being in charge of what goes on here on this planet, (2 For. 4:4 “In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them.”).  

          However, with that being said, one must understand God is sovereign,  He ultimately controls all thing through the covenants He has made.  When Jesus was here during his first advent the phrase “is at hand”, was associated with both “Kingdoms”,  was valid.   The Israelites rejection of Jesus as their King allowed Satan to keep his seat.  When Jesus returns as King of Kings he will take Satan off his throne and through him in the pit, Rev 20:1-3.Covenants

          When Jesus returns as “King of Kings and Lord pf Lords to establish His Kingdom on earth.  He will take “The Kingdom of Heaven” from Satan. Sentencing him to thousand year stay in the bottomless pit, Rev. 20:1-11.  The theological term for this thousand year reign of Christ is; “The Millennial Kingdom”.   This is discussed by Christ in the Book of Matthew in “The Sermon on the Mount”,  in chapters 5-7.  This is the fulfillment of the covenants given to the Nation of Israel throughout the Old Testament.

          The Kingdom of God, on the other hand, is the message of the Seventy, is not a literal, physical, and political kingdom, but “The Kingdom God” is of a spiritual nature, John 4:24 “God is a Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth.”   This Kingdom of God is only entered by one being “Born Again”,  John 3:3-7.  “Ye must be born again”.  One who is “Born Again” become a sons of God, John 1:11-13, “He came unto his own, and his own received him not. But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name: Which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.” Look for posts on “Eternal Life” for discussions on being “Born Again” and “Sons of God”.

          One can see, in these verses, how through the rejection of Jesus, by the Nation of Israel, how Jesus failed to become king and the Nation of Israel missed having “The Kingdom of Heaven”.  Jesus is returning as the conquering savior, Rev. 19:11-21.  “He will rule the nations with a rod of iron”, Rev. 19:15.  Jesus now the King of ‘The Kingdom of Heaven, throwing the Beast and False Prophet in the “Lake of Fire” and Satan into the “Bottomless Pit”, will establish his “Millennial Reign” on this earth.

When Jesus ascended to the right hand of the Father, Acts 1:8, He left as a Priest in The Kingdom of God only.  The kingship of The Kingdom of Heaven was left in Satan’s hands.  Jesus now is head of his body, the church, a priest, until He returns as “King of Kings and Lord of Lords”, Rev. 19:11-21.   His office He fills now is Priest.  He was the “Prophet” in the Old Testament and will be positioned as “King” when he returns.

          The Kingdom of Heaven belongs to the Nation of Israel, and while they are in the land possession takes place when their King arrives.    The Kingdom of God is inhabited by the Church, the “Bride of Christ”.  Through the covenants of God the Nation of Israel was promised a Kingdom.  When Jesus returns as King he will fulfill this promise to them.  A look at Revelation 20, 21, and 22 will give you something to think about when God makes a new heaven and new earth.

Who were the Seventy apostles?  It is hard to say they were apostles, but we do know they were disciples, Luke 10.  The word apostle is not used for their description.  By definition of the word apostle they seem to fit the definition.  However, they may not bare the name apostle because they may have not met the qualifications.  See blog “The Apostles of the Lord?”

 

 The Apostles of the Lord!

How Many Apostles Were Appointed?

       Christ Jesus in Hebrews 3:1 is referred to as “The Apostle”.   Now the names of the twelve apostles he chose are these; The first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother; Philip, and Bartholomew; Thomas, and Matthew the publican; James the son of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus; Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him, Matt.10:2-4.   Matthias, who replaced Judas Iscariot, became one of the twelve apostles of the Lamb (Acts 1:26), making him number thirteen.   The Eleven are named in Acts 1:13, “Peter and John, and James and Andrew, Philip and Thomas, Bartholomew and Matthew, James the son of Alphaeus and Simon the Zealot, and Judas the son of James. “ Judas Iscariot, one of the original twelve, the one who betrayed Jesus, is not named in that list.   Therefore, the original twelve will include Matthias. “And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and in them the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb” (Revelation 21:14).  These would be those twelve.

         An investigation of the Scripture reveals several individuals in addition to the original twelve who are explicitly referred to as apostles.    Paul, the apostle, so named in almost every book he wrote will make number fourteen.  

 A complete listing of New Testament apostles follows.

Barnabas–Acts 14:14, Apollos – Corinthians 4:6-9, James, the Lord’s brother, Gal. 1:19, Timothy and Silvanus– I Thessalonians 1:1 and 2:6, Epaphroditus–Philippians 2:25, Andronicus and Junia–Romans 16:7, were of note among the apostles, that is notable Jewish apostles but labeled “my kinsmen, and my fellow prisoners” who were in Christ before Paul, and thus Jewish apostles but not of the original twelve.  These nine now make a total of 22 (13 + 9 = 22).

         The Greek word “apostoloi” is translated apostle, normally, is also translated “messenger(s)” as in the case of Epaphroditus–Philippians 2:25 and Second Corinthians 8:23 noting two unnamed individuals as messengers.  These additional two unnamed messengers bring the total to 24.  Finally, Hebrews 3:1 designates Jesus Christ the “Apostle and High Priest of our profession.” Therefore, making 25 apostles in the New Testament!

         Concerning Titus (#26) of that same passage of Second Corinthians 8:23, should he be considered an apostle by mere association perhaps or not?  Strong’s definition defines “apostoloi” as from 649; a delegate; specially, an ambassador of the Gospel; officially a commissioner of Christ (“apostle”) (with miraculous powers):–apostle, messenger, he that is sent.   However, Paul was the last of the apostles, writing fourteen books of the New Testament, should the book of Hebrews be counted as Paul as the writer. 

The Mission of the Twelve Apostles

             The mission of the twelve apostles is found in;

Matthew 10:5-11, “These twelve Jesus sent forth, and commanded them, saying, Go not into the way of the Gentiles, and into any city of the Samaritans enter ye not: But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. And as ye go, preach, saying, the kingdom of heaven is at hand. Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, cast out devils: freely ye have received, freely give. Provide neither gold, nor silver, nor brass in your purses, Nor scrip for your journey, neither two coats, neither shoes, nor yet staves: for the workman is worthy of his meat. And into whatsoever city or town ye shall enter, enquire who in it is worthy; and there abide till ye go thence.”  

 Mark 6:7-13 “And he called unto him the twelve, and began to send them forth by two and two; and gave them power over unclean spirits; And commanded them that they should take nothing for their journey, save a staff only; no scrip, no bread, no money in their purse: But be shod with sandals; and not put on two coats. And he said unto them, In what place soever ye enter into an house, there abide till ye depart from that place. And whosoever shall not receive you, nor hear you, when ye depart thence, shake off the dust under your feet for a testimony against them. Verily I say unto you, It shall be more tolerable for Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of judgment, than for that city. And they went out, and preached that men should repent. And they cast out many devils, and anointed with oil many that were sick, and healed them.”

 Luke 9:1-6 “Then he called his twelve disciples together, and gave them power and authority over all devils, and to cure diseases. And he sent them to preach the kingdom of God, and to heal the sick. And he said unto them, Take nothing for your journey, neither staves, nor scrip, neither bread, neither money; neither have two coats apiece. And whatsoever house ye enter into, there abide, and thence depart. And whosoever will not receive you, when ye go out of that city, shake off the very dust from your feet for a testimony against them. And they departed, and went through the towns, preaching the gospel, and healing everywhere.”

 In summation for the three passages of scripture, these apostles were (1) told where to and not to go in delivering their message, (2) told what and what not to take on their journey, (3) told what to preach. However, things are clear but it does not mean there is no problem. The problem lies in the message they are to preach. The phrase in question is “the kingdom of heaven is at hand” in Matthew, “and preached that men should repent” in Mark, and “to preach the kingdom of God” in Luke.   The passage in Mark is not the problem but the other two passages are of conflict statements. There are those who say The Kingdom of God and The Kingdom of Heaven is the same thing.  There are those who say that these are different kingdoms, for God is not heaven and heaven is not God!  

Well, this is a topic for another blog page!

 The Scriptures for the Giving of Apostles

1 Corinthians 12:28 And in the church God has appointed first of all apostles, second prophets, third teachers, then workers of miracles, also those having gifts of healing, those able to help others, those with gifts of administration, and those speaking in different kinds of tongues.


Ephesians 4:7-8, 11-12 But unto every one of us is given grace according to the measure of the gift of Christ. Wherefore he saith, when he ascended up on high, he led captivity captive, and gave gifts unto men. And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers; For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ: